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加拿大移民签证中一些词汇的解释

IRCC 网站给出这些词汇定义的目的是帮助大家理解,这些定义并不是也不能作为法律方面的定义。

 

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Academic program

A post-secondary program that awards an academic degree, diploma or professional certification. This program is often delivered at universities, colleges, seminaries and institutes of technology. >> 翻译

Accompanying family member

A spouse, common-law partner, dependent child or dependent child of a dependent child (grandchild), who plans to immigrate to Canada with the principal applicant. Accompanying family members are included on the application. >> 翻译

Address

An address is the place where a person is living right now. It can be identified by such things as a street number, street name, apartment number, city, town, province/state and country.

For example: A student from Mexico studying in Canada should enter the address where he or she is living in Canada. >> 翻译

Adequate knowledge of Canada

The Citizenship test will evaluate your knowledge of Canada. During the written exam and the interview, you will be asked questions about: >> 翻译

  • the right to vote and right to run for elected office
  • elections procedures
  • the rights and responsibilities of a citizen
  • Canadian social and cultural history and symbols
  • Canadian political history (including the political system and institutions)
  • Canadian physical and political geography

  >> 翻译

Adequate knowledge of language

In order to become a Canadian citizen, the Citizenship Act requires new citizens to have an "adequate knowledge" of English or French, Canada’s two official languages. In general, "adequate knowledge" means you can understand someone speaking English or French and they can understand you. (Read a more detailed explanation of "adequate knowledge.") We measure how well you can communicate using the Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB)/Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadien (NCLC).  >> 翻译

Admissibility

See Inadmissibility.

Adoption

A process whereby a person becomes a member of another family. This process must create a genuine parent-child relationship that permanently severs the legal ties to the child’s biological parents or guardians.  >> 翻译

Affidavit

A document becomes an affidavit when a person signs the document, in the presence of an authorized person, after taking an oath that what the document says is true and accurate.An affidavit is often used in order to verify that a translation of a document accurately reflects what is stated in the original language of the document.  >> 翻译

Age

When referring to the age of a permanent or temporary resident in CIC’s statistical information:  >> 翻译

  • for permanent residents, their age at landing and
  • for temporary residents, their age at entry or on December 1.

 >> 翻译

Application package

A package including all forms, supporting documents and information needed to fill out applications for visas, permanent residence and citizenship. It is sometimes referred to as an “application kit.”>> 翻译

Approved in principle / Approval in principle (AIP)

Your application is “approved in principle (AIP)” if:

  • you have received a letter from IRCC stating that you meet the permanent residence eligibility requirements, but
  • you still have to pass the medical, security and background checks for you and, if needed, your family members.

 >> 翻译

Arranged employment

Arranged employment is when you have a job offer from a Canadian employer in a NOC 0, A, or B job for a continuous period of one year or more. In some cases, this job offer must be approved by Employment and Social Development Canada/Service Canada. >> 翻译

See: Valid job offer

Border services officer

Officers of the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), a federal government agency, who have the legal authority to decide who can enter and remain in Canada. These officers have many of the same powers as police officers, including the right to conduct searches, make arrests, and seize documents or goods. >> 翻译

Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB)

The Canadian standard used to describe, measure and recognize English language ability of adult immigrants and prospective immigrants who plan to live and work in Canada, or apply for citizenship. The Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (NCLC) is used to assess abilities in the French language. >> 翻译

Canadian citizen

A person described as a citizen under the Citizenship Act. This means a person who:

  • is Canadian by birth (either born in Canada or born outside Canada to a Canadian citizen who was themselves either born in Canada or granted citizenship) or
  • has applied for a grant of citizenship and has received Canadian citizenship (naturalization).

 >> 翻译

Case Processing Centre (CPC)

An office in Canada that handles citizenship and immigration applications. They are not open to the public.

There are CPCs in: Sydney, Nova Scotia; Mississauga, Ontario; Edmonton, Alberta; and Ottawa, Ontario.

 >> 翻译

Certificat d’acceptation du Québec (CAQ)

Related term:
Certificate of acceptance

A document from Quebec’s Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Diversité et de l’Inclusion (MIDI) that: >> 翻译

  • a temporary worker must apply for the CAQ with MIDI before coming to Quebec to work, or
  • a foreign student must apply for the CAQ with MIDI before coming to study in Quebec.

  >> 翻译

Certified English or French translations

To have a copy certified, an authorized person must compare the original document to the photocopy and must print the following on the photocopy:

  • "I certify that this is a true copy of the original document"
  • the name of the original document
  • the date of the certification
  • his or her name
  • his or her official position or title and
  • his or her signature

 >> 翻译

Certified photocopy

A photocopy of an original document. It must be readable and certified as a true copy of the original by an authorized person. The person compares the documents and marks on the photocopy:  >> 翻译

  • their name and signature
  • their position or title
  • the name of the original document
  • the date they certified the document
  • the phrase “I certify that this is a true copy of the original document.”

    >> 翻译

Certified translator

A member in good standing of a provincial or territorial organization of translators and interpreters in Canada.   >> 翻译

Citizenship ceremony
Related terms:
Clerk of the ceremony
Presiding officer

The final step in becoming a Canadian citizen. During the citizenship ceremony, candidates for citizenship aged 14 and over must take the oath of citizenship. After taking the oath, new citizens receive their citizenship certificate.

See Oath of citizenshipCitizenship judge.   >> 翻译

Citizenship judge

An independent, quasi-judicial decision maker who makes legal decisions on residency requirements for some adult citizenship applications, administers the oath of Canadian citizenship, and presides over citizenship ceremonies.

See Citizenship ceremonyOath of citizenship.   >> 翻译

College

Related terms:

Community college

Collège d’enseignement général et professionnel (CEGEP) in Quebec

A stage of higher education that comes after high school. Colleges offer one- to three-year diploma programs in academic or technical subjects.  >> 翻译

Common-law partner

Related term:Common-law spouse

A person who has been living with another person in a conjugal relationship for at least one year. The term refers to opposite-sex and same-sex relationships.

See the legal definition of common-law partner.   >> 翻译

Consulate

Related term:
Mission

A Government of Canada office that helps Canadian citizens abroad. They are led by a Consul General. They are not located in capital cities. Some consulates also provide immigration services.

Examples: Consulate General of Canada in New York City; Consulate General of Canada in Hong Kong.

See Visa officeHigh commissionEmbassy.    >> 翻译

Dependant

A spouse, common-law partner or dependent child of a permanent resident or principal applicant.     >> 翻译   

Dependent child

A child who depends on their parent for financial and other support.

To qualify as a dependant, your child must meet the age limit and requirements of the applicable definition below. To know which definition applies, pick the definition in force on the date we received your application for permanent residence.

Exception: If your child’s age was locked in on or before July 31, 2014, your child must meet the requirements that were in force at that timeregardless of when you submitted your application for permanent residence.

Use our online tool to check if your child qualifies as a dependant.

Definition of a dependent child as of October 24, 2017

Children qualify as dependants if they meet both of these requirements:

  • they’re under 22 years old, and
  • they don’t have a spouse or common-law partner.

Children 22 years old or older (also known as an overage dependent children) qualify as dependants if they meet both of these requirements:

  • they have depended on their parents for financial support since before the age of 22, and
  • they are unable to financially support themselves because of a mental or physical condition.

Definition of a dependent child from August 1, 2014, to October 23, 2017

Children qualify as dependants if they are:

  • under 19 years old, and do not have a spouse or common-law partner, or
  • 19 years old or older (also known as overage dependent childrenand have depended on the parent’s financial support since before the age of 19 because of a physical or mental condition

Definition of a dependent child on or before July 31, 2014

Children 21 years old and under

To be eligible as a dependant, your child must not be married or not in a common-law relationship.

Children 21 years old and under who are married or in a common-law relationship may qualify as overage dependants if they meet both of these requirements:

  • have been a full-time student on an ongoing basis, and
  • have depended largely on a parent's financial support since they became a spouse or partner.

Overage dependants

To be eligible as a dependant, children 22 years old and older must:

  • have depended on a parent's financial support since before the age of 22 because of a physical or mental condition

    or

  • have been a full-time student on an ongoing basis since before the age of 22, and
  • have depended on a parent's financial support since that time.

If your child became a spouse or partner before the age of 22, your child may be eligible as a dependant only if your child meets both of these requirements:

  • has been a full-time student on an ongoing basis since before the age of 22, and
  • has depended on a parent's financial support since they became a spouse or partner.

 >> 翻译

 

Designated Learning Institution

A school in Canada that a student must be accepted at before they can qualify for a study permit (as of June 1, 2014). Consult the designated learning institutions list (DLI) for schools at the post-secondary level.

All primary and secondary schools in Canada are automatically designated. They do not appear on the list. Applicants for primary and secondary schools do not need a DLI number on their application form.

See Secondary school.    >> 翻译

Designated third-party language test

This is a test that shows if your language skills meet our standards in each of these four categories:

  • listening,
  • speaking,
  • reading, and/or
  • writing.

There are agencies “designated” to give the tests. This means they are approved to do so by IRCC.

These tests are given to see if you meet the language requirement for your application.

  >> 翻译

Educational credential

Any diploma, degree, or trade or apprenticeship credential issued for completing a program of study or training at a recognized educational or training institution.  >> 翻译

Elementary school

An institution that provides educational programs for children, starting between the ages of four and six. Years of instruction usually include kindergarten (the lowest level) and grades 1 through 6 (if the area has middle schools) or grades 1 through 8. >> 翻译

Embassy

Related term: Mission

A Government of Canada office led by an Ambassador. They are located in the capital city of a non-Commonwealth country. They usually provide the full range of consular and trade services.

In Commonwealth countries, Embassies are called High Commissions and are led by a High Commissioner.

Some Embassies and High Commissions also provide immigration services.

Examples: the Embassy of Canada in France, Paris and the High Commission of Canada to the United Kingdom in London

See High commissionConsulateVisa office

  >> 翻译

eMedical

An online tool that doctors approved by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to do medical exams use to record and send Immigration Medical Exam (IME) results to IRCC. It is more accurate, convenient and faster than paper-based processing.  >> 翻译

Employer-specific work permit

A type of work permit that indicates:

  • the name of the employer a person can work for,
  • how long a person can work, and
  • the location where a person can work (if applicable).

A person who holds this type of work permit can only work for the employer for the length of time specified, and if applicable, at the location shown on the permit.  >> 翻译

 

Express Entry

An electronic system to manage applications for these immigration programs:

  • the Federal Skilled Worker Program
  • the Federal Skilled Trades Program
  • the Canadian Experience Class or
  • a portion of the provincial nominee program.

            >> 翻译

Family members

An applicant’s closest relatives, in the context of an application to CIC. It is defined as a spouse or common-law partner, dependent children, and their dependent children. >> 翻译

full-time work

At least 30 hours per week for which wages are paid and/or commission is earned.  >> 翻译

High commission

Related term:
Mission

A Government of Canada office, is the same as an embassy, but is located in the capital city of a Commonwealth country.

Example: High Commission of Canada to the United Kingdom in London

See EmbassyVisa officeConsulate.   >> 翻译

Immigration document

An official document issued by an IRCC or Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) office, Case Processing Centre (CPC) or Canadian visa office outside Canada, such as one of the following:

  • Immigrant visa and record of landing (IMM 1000),
  • Confirmation of permanent residence (IMM 5292),
  • Permanent resident card,
  • visitor record,
  • work permit,
  • study permit or
  • temporary resident permit.

 >> 翻译

Immigration officer

An officer responsible for deciding who can enter and stay in Canada. They usually work at Ports of Entry (airports, land border crossings) or one of our offices in Canada. They may check documents and interview applicants to make sure applications are accurate.  >> 翻译

Implied status

If a visitor, student or foreign worker applies to extend their status, before that status expires, they can legally remain in Canada until a decision is made on the application. In this situation, the person has implied status.   (见 Maintained status )>> 翻译

Inadmissibility

Related term:

Inadmissible person

When a person is not allowed to enter or stay in Canada. Reasons can include security concerns, criminal offences, human rights violations, health or financial reasons, and failure to comply with Canada’s immigration laws.  >>翻译

In good standing

Refers to a representative who:

  • is licensed and insured,
  • is qualified to help you through the legal process, and
  • meets the standards of learning, competence and professional conduct.

   >> 翻译

Instruction guide

Instruction guides are documents that provide:

  • information a person must know about an application before sending it to CIC and
  • help with filling out forms and required supporting documents.

These guides are posted on the CIC website.   >> 翻译

 

International Experience Canada (IEC) 

Related terms:
International youth program
Working Holiday Program

A youth exchange program allowing Canadians, 18 to 35, to live and work in other countries, generally for up to one year at a time. The reciprocity of the program allows for youth from these same countries to live and work in Canada for up to one year.   >> 翻译

Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)

Impact Assessment (LMIA)A Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is a document that an employer in Canada must usually get before hiring a foreign worker.

A positive LMIA will show that there is a need for a foreign worker to fill the job and that no Canadian worker can do the job. A positive LMIA is sometimes called a Confirmation letter.

If you need an LMIA, your employer must send an application to Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC). >> 翻译

Labour market opinion (LMO)

See Labour Market Impact Assessment

Language requirement
Related terms:
Adequate Language

Some types of applications require you to have a certain level of skill in either English or French. The level of language ability required is different, depending on the type of application being submitted.    >> 翻译

Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada (LINC)

Free English language training programs for adult newcomers to Canada. They are funded by the federal government and delivered by school boards, colleges and local organizations that provide services to newcomers.     >> 翻译

Letter of introduction

A document sent from a visa office to confirm approval of:

  • a study permit, or
  • a work permit, or
  • extended stay for a parent or grandparent from a country that does not require visas (the Super Visa program).

Applicants must present the letter when they arrive in Canada.  >> 翻译

Letter of invitation to delegates

A letter that event organizers need to give delegates when they apply for a visa to come to Canada.

The letter should include information on the event to establish:

  • the delegate’s purpose of travel to Canada, and
  • plans once in Canada.

The letter should also indicate if financial assistance is given to delegates, such as airline tickets and accommodations.   >> 翻译

Locked in

To freeze information so that it does not change over time, regardless of how long processing takes.

For example, we lock your child’s age when your application is received. This is called the lock in date. Lock-in dates vary depending on your immigration program or category. When we process your child’s application, we use the age on lock in date to see if your child qualifies as a dependant.

See the lock in dates by immigration or category. >> 翻译

Maintained status (while processing an application)

This is a legal extension of status that allows temporary residents to stay in Canada while we process their application. To be eligible, the temporary resident must apply to extend their status before it expires. This used to be known as “implied status.” >> 翻译

Middle school

An institution that provides educational programs for grades 7 and 8, in between elementary school and high school. >> 翻译

Multiple-entry visa

Related terms:
Tourist visa
Visitor visa

A visa that allows someone to leave and re-enter Canada more than once during a defined period of time.

See Temporary Resident Visa.  >> 翻译

National Occupation Classification (NOC)

The National Occupation Classification (NOC) is a list of all the occupations in the Canadian labor market. It describes each job according to skill type and skill level. The NOC is used to collect and organize job statistics and to provide labour market information. It is also used as a basis for certain immigration requirements.  >> 翻译

Naturalization

Related term: Grant of citizenship

The formal process by which a person who is not a Canadian citizen can become a Canadian citizen. The person must usually become a permanent resident first.   >> 翻译

Non-seasonal work

Consistent and regularly scheduled paid employment throughout the year. It includes working schedules where pay does not stop during periods of non-work. It does not include work with periods of unemployment where the worker receives employment insurance throughout any part of the year. >> 翻译

Oath of citizenship

A declaration that a person will:

  • be loyal to the Queen,
  • obey Canada’s laws and customs, and
  • fulfill the duties of a Canadian citizen.

In order to become citizens, people aged 14 or over must take the oath. Reciting the oath is the final requirement for Canadian citizenship.

See Citizenship ceremonyCitizenship judge.   >> 翻译

Open work permit

A type of work permit that allows a person to work for any employer in Canada, except for an employer: >> 翻译

  • who is listed as ineligible on the list of employers who have failed to comply with conditions, or
  • who, on a regular basis, offers striptease, erotic dance, escort services or erotic massages.

  >> 翻译

Original

The actual paper version of a document, not a photocopy or an electronic copy.  >> 翻译

Panel physician

A medical doctor appointed by IRCC to perform immigration medical examinations.  >> 翻译

Permanent resident

Related terms:Landed immigrantPR

A person who has legally immigrated to Canada but is not yet a Canadian citizen.

For a more detailed definition, see the legal definition of permanent resident

 >> 翻译

Physical presence requirement (citizenship)

For applicants who apply on or after October 11, 2017, this is the amount of time a permanent resident must be physically present in Canada to be eligible for a grant of Canadian citizenship.

Applicants who apply under subsection 5(1) must be physically present in Canada for at least 1,095 days in the five years immediately before the date of application. This includes time as a:

  • permanent resident (PR)
  • temporary resident (lawfully authorized to remain in Canada)
  • protected person

These requirements do not apply to children under 18 years old who apply under subsection 5(2).

Exceptions apply for certain Crown servants and certain family members of Crown servants.    >> 翻译

Pool

People who meet certain criteria are put into one or more pools of candidates. This is a group of people that we may invite to apply for:

  • a work permit for International Experience Canada or
  • permanent residence through Express Entry.

See: Express Entry, International Experience Canada    >>翻译

Port of entry

A place where a person may seek entry into Canada, such as at an airport, land or marine border crossing.   >> 翻译

Post-secondary institution

Related term: Higher education

A stage of higher education that comes after high school. Refers to a college, university or technical school offering programs of study.  >> 翻译

See UniversityCollege.

Principal applicant

When a family applies together, one member must be the main or “principal” applicant. For example, a mother applying for permanent residence with her three children would be the principal applicant. When parents are included in an application, dependent children cannot be principal applicants.  >> 翻译

Protected person

A person who has been determined to be a Convention refugee or person in similar circumstances by a Canadian visa officer outside Canada, a person whom the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada has determined to be a Convention refugee or in need of protection in Canada, or a person who has had a positive pre-removal risk assessment (in most cases).  >> 翻译

See Refugee claimant.

Refugee claimant

A person who has applied for refugee protection status while in Canada and is waiting for a decision on his/her claim from the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada.  >> 翻译

See Protected person.

Restoration of status (as a visitor, student or worker)

A visitor, worker or student who loses status can apply to restore it within 90 days. To be eligible, you must:

  • submit the application within 90 days of losing status
  • explain the facts and circumstances that prevented you from complying with the conditions of the permit, and
  • meet all the remaining conditions on the permit.

There is a fee to restore status.   >> 翻译

Secondary school

An institution that provides an education to students who have completed elementary school. These schools usually include grades 9 through 12 (although, in some areas, they start with grade 7). In the province of Quebec, secondary grades are called grades 1 through 5.

Applicants for primary and secondary schools do not need a designated learning institution (DLI) number on their application form.  >> 翻译

Single-entry visa

Related terms:
Tourist visa
Visitor visa

A visa that allows someone to enter Canada only once.

See Temporary resident visa.  >> 翻译

A Canadian citizen or permanent resident who is 18 years of age or older, and who legally supports a member of the Family Class to become a permanent resident of Canada.  >> 翻译

Spouse

A legal marriage partner. This term includes both opposite- and same-sex relationships but does not include common-law partnerships. >> 翻译

Temporary resident
Related terms:
Visitor
Tourist

A foreign national who is in Canada legally for a short period. Temporary residents include students, foreign workers and visitors, such as tourists.

See temporary resident visa.

>> 翻译

Temporary resident visa

Related term:
Tourist visa

An official counterfoil document issued by a visa office abroad that is placed in a person’s passport to show that he or she has met the requirements for admission to Canada as a temporary resident (a visitor, student or worker). A counterfoil is a specially designed sticker on which missions abroad print visa information.

Informally known as a visitor or tourist visa, the TRV may be issued for single or multiple entries to Canada.

See Multiple-entry visaSingle-entry visaVisitor visa.

 >> 翻译

University

A stage of higher education that comes after high school. Universities issue three types of degrees: bachelor’s, master’s and doctorate. People must usually complete high school to qualify for university. In Canada, “college” does not refer to a university.

In Quebec, students attend a CEGEP (college) between high school and university. >> 翻译

Valid

For a document—legal, not expired, and accepted by IRCC.  >> 翻译

Valid job offer

A job offer, in writing, for Express Entry candidates. The offer must be >> 翻译

  • for continuous, paid, full-time work (at least 30 hours a week)
  • for work that is not seasonal and for at least one year
  • skill type 0, or skill levels A or B of the 2011 National Occupational Classification (NOC).
  • supported by an LMIA (unless exempt).

    >> 翻译

Visa office

Related terms:
Mission
Canadian visa office

Visa offices can be located in Canadian embassies, high commissions and consulates. They process applications and provide information about immigrating to Canada.

The services they provide vary from office to office.

See EmbassyHigh commissionConsulate.

  >> 翻译

Visa officer

An officer who assesses and makes decisions on temporary and permanent residence applications submitted by foreign nationals. They can be Canadians sent to the visa office or nationals of the country the visa office is in.  >> 翻译

Visiting and exchange students

Visiting student: Students at a foreign institution (home institution) who attend a post-secondary Canadian institution (host institution) for a determined period (not a full degree or program) with the intent of transferring the credits earned at the host institution back to their home institution. Visiting students pay fees to the host institution.

Exchange student: Similar to a visiting student as they attend a host institution in Canada. Exchange students do not pay tuition fees to their host institution as these fees are covered by an exchange agreement between the host and home institutions. >> 翻译

Visitor visa

Related term:
Tourist visa

Informal term for a temporary resident visa.

See Multiple-entry visaSingle-entry visaTemporary resident visa.

>> 翻译

Work permit

A document issued by CIC that authorizes a person to work legally in Canada. It sets out conditions for the worker such as: 

  • the type of work they can do,
  • the employer they can work for,
  • where they can work, and
  • how long they can work.

  >> 翻译

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