A post-secondary program that awards an academic degree, diploma or professional certification. This program is often delivered at universities, colleges, seminaries and institutes of technology. >> 翻译
Accompanying family member
A spouse, common-law partner, dependent child or dependent child of a dependent child (grandchild), who plans to immigrate to Canada with the principal applicant. Accompanying family members are included on the application. >> 翻译
An address is the place where a person is living right now. It can be identified by such things as a street number, street name, apartment number, city, town, province/state and country.
For example: A student from Mexico studying in Canada should enter the address where he or she is living in Canada. >> 翻译
Adequate knowledge of Canada
The Citizenship test will evaluate your knowledge of Canada. During the written exam and the interview, you will be asked questions about: >> 翻译
Adequate knowledge of language
In order to become a Canadian citizen, the Citizenship Act requires new citizens to have an "adequate knowledge" of English or French, Canada’s two official languages. In general, "adequate knowledge" means you can understand someone speaking English or French and they can understand you. (Read a more detailed explanation of "adequate knowledge.") We measure how well you can communicate using the Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB)/Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadien (NCLC). >> 翻译
A process whereby a person becomes a member of another family. This process must create a genuine parent-child relationship that permanently severs the legal ties to the child’s biological parents or guardians. >> 翻译
A document becomes an affidavit when a person signs the document, in the presence of an authorized person, after taking an oath that what the document says is true and accurate.An affidavit is often used in order to verify that a translation of a document accurately reflects what is stated in the original language of the document. >> 翻译
When referring to the age of a permanent or temporary resident in CIC’s statistical information: >> 翻译
A package including all forms, supporting documents and information needed to fill out applications for visas, permanent residence and citizenship. It is sometimes referred to as an “application kit.”>> 翻译
Approved in principle / Approval in principle (AIP)
Your application is “approved in principle (AIP)” if:
Arranged employment is when you have a job offer from a Canadian employer in a NOC 0, A, or B job for a continuous period of one year or more. In some cases, this job offer must be approved by Employment and Social Development Canada/Service Canada. >> 翻译
See: Valid job offer
Border services officer
Officers of the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), a federal government agency, who have the legal authority to decide who can enter and remain in Canada. These officers have many of the same powers as police officers, including the right to conduct searches, make arrests, and seize documents or goods. >> 翻译
Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB)
The Canadian standard used to describe, measure and recognize English language ability of adult immigrants and prospective immigrants who plan to live and work in Canada, or apply for citizenship. The Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (NCLC) is used to assess abilities in the French language. >> 翻译
A person described as a citizen under the Citizenship Act. This means a person who:
Case Processing Centre (CPC)
An office in Canada that handles citizenship and immigration applications. They are not open to the public.
Certificat d’acceptation du Québec (CAQ)
A document from Quebec’s Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Diversité et de l’Inclusion (MIDI) that: >> 翻译
Certified English or French translations
To have a copy certified, an authorized person must compare the original document to the photocopy and must print the following on the photocopy:
A photocopy of an original document. It must be readable and certified as a true copy of the original by an authorized person. The person compares the documents and marks on the photocopy: >> 翻译
A member in good standing of a provincial or territorial organization of translators and interpreters in Canada. >> 翻译
The final step in becoming a Canadian citizen. During the citizenship ceremony, candidates for citizenship aged 14 and over must take the oath of citizenship. After taking the oath, new citizens receive their citizenship certificate.
An independent, quasi-judicial decision maker who makes legal decisions on residency requirements for some adult citizenship applications, administers the oath of Canadian citizenship, and presides over citizenship ceremonies.
Collège d’enseignement général et professionnel (CEGEP) in Quebec
A stage of higher education that comes after high school. Colleges offer one- to three-year diploma programs in academic or technical subjects. >> 翻译
Related term:Common-law spouse
A person who has been living with another person in a conjugal relationship for at least one year. The term refers to opposite-sex and same-sex relationships.
A Government of Canada office that helps Canadian citizens abroad. They are led by a Consul General. They are not located in capital cities. Some consulates also provide immigration services.
Examples: Consulate General of Canada in New York City; Consulate General of Canada in Hong Kong.
A spouse, common-law partner or dependent child of a permanent resident or principal applicant. >> 翻译
A child who depends on their parent for financial and other support.
To qualify as a dependant, your child must meet the age limit and requirements of the applicable definition below. To know which definition applies, pick the definition in force on the date we received your application for permanent residence.
Exception: If your child’s age was locked in on or before July 31, 2014, your child must meet the requirements that were in force at that time, regardless of when you submitted your application for permanent residence.
Definition of a dependent child as of October 24, 2017
Children qualify as dependants if they meet both of these requirements:
Children 22 years old or older (also known as an overage dependent children) qualify as dependants if they meet both of these requirements:
Definition of a dependent child from August 1, 2014, to October 23, 2017
Children qualify as dependants if they are:
Definition of a dependent child on or before July 31, 2014
Children 21 years old and under
To be eligible as a dependant, your child must not be married or not in a common-law relationship.
Children 21 years old and under who are married or in a common-law relationship may qualify as overage dependants if they meet both of these requirements:
To be eligible as a dependant, children 22 years old and older must:
If your child became a spouse or partner before the age of 22, your child may be eligible as a dependant only if your child meets both of these requirements:
Designated Learning Institution
A school in Canada that a student must be accepted at before they can qualify for a study permit (as of June 1, 2014). Consult the designated learning institutions list (DLI) for schools at the post-secondary level.
All primary and secondary schools in Canada are automatically designated. They do not appear on the list. Applicants for primary and secondary schools do not need a DLI number on their application form.
Designated third-party language test
This is a test that shows if your language skills meet our standards in each of these four categories:
There are agencies “designated” to give the tests. This means they are approved to do so by IRCC.
These tests are given to see if you meet the language requirement for your application.
Any diploma, degree, or trade or apprenticeship credential issued for completing a program of study or training at a recognized educational or training institution. >> 翻译
An institution that provides educational programs for children, starting between the ages of four and six. Years of instruction usually include kindergarten (the lowest level) and grades 1 through 6 (if the area has middle schools) or grades 1 through 8. >> 翻译
Related term: Mission
A Government of Canada office led by an Ambassador. They are located in the capital city of a non-Commonwealth country. They usually provide the full range of consular and trade services.
In Commonwealth countries, Embassies are called High Commissions and are led by a High Commissioner.
Some Embassies and High Commissions also provide immigration services.
Examples: the Embassy of Canada in France, Paris and the High Commission of Canada to the United Kingdom in London
An online tool that doctors approved by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to do medical exams use to record and send Immigration Medical Exam (IME) results to IRCC. It is more accurate, convenient and faster than paper-based processing. >> 翻译
Employer-specific work permit
A type of work permit that indicates:
A person who holds this type of work permit can only work for the employer for the length of time specified, and if applicable, at the location shown on the permit. >> 翻译
An electronic system to manage applications for these immigration programs:
An applicant’s closest relatives, in the context of an application to CIC. It is defined as a spouse or common-law partner, dependent children, and their dependent children. >> 翻译
At least 30 hours per week for which wages are paid and/or commission is earned. >> 翻译
A Government of Canada office, is the same as an embassy, but is located in the capital city of a Commonwealth country.
Example: High Commission of Canada to the United Kingdom in London
An official document issued by an IRCC or Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) office, Case Processing Centre (CPC) or Canadian visa office outside Canada, such as one of the following:
An officer responsible for deciding who can enter and stay in Canada. They usually work at Ports of Entry (airports, land border crossings) or one of our offices in Canada. They may check documents and interview applicants to make sure applications are accurate. >> 翻译
If a visitor, student or foreign worker applies to extend their status, before that status expires, they can legally remain in Canada until a decision is made on the application. In this situation, the person has implied status. （见 Maintained status ）>> 翻译
When a person is not allowed to enter or stay in Canada. Reasons can include security concerns, criminal offences, human rights violations, health or financial reasons, and failure to comply with Canada’s immigration laws. >>翻译
In good standing
Refers to a representative who:
Instruction guides are documents that provide:
These guides are posted on the CIC website. >> 翻译
International Experience Canada (IEC)
A youth exchange program allowing Canadians, 18 to 35, to live and work in other countries, generally for up to one year at a time. The reciprocity of the program allows for youth from these same countries to live and work in Canada for up to one year. >> 翻译
Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)
Impact Assessment (LMIA)A Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is a document that an employer in Canada must usually get before hiring a foreign worker.
A positive LMIA will show that there is a need for a foreign worker to fill the job and that no Canadian worker can do the job. A positive LMIA is sometimes called a Confirmation letter.
Labour market opinion (LMO)
Some types of applications require you to have a certain level of skill in either English or French. The level of language ability required is different, depending on the type of application being submitted. >> 翻译
Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada (LINC)
Free English language training programs for adult newcomers to Canada. They are funded by the federal government and delivered by school boards, colleges and local organizations that provide services to newcomers. >> 翻译
Letter of introduction
A document sent from a visa office to confirm approval of:
Applicants must present the letter when they arrive in Canada. >> 翻译
Letter of invitation to delegates
A letter that event organizers need to give delegates when they apply for a visa to come to Canada.
The letter should include information on the event to establish:
The letter should also indicate if financial assistance is given to delegates, such as airline tickets and accommodations. >> 翻译
To freeze information so that it does not change over time, regardless of how long processing takes.
For example, we lock your child’s age when your application is received. This is called the lock in date. Lock-in dates vary depending on your immigration program or category. When we process your child’s application, we use the age on lock in date to see if your child qualifies as a dependant.
Maintained status (while processing an application)
|This is a legal extension of status that allows temporary residents to stay in Canada while we process their application. To be eligible, the temporary resident must apply to extend their status before it expires. This used to be known as “implied status.” >> 翻译|
An institution that provides educational programs for grades 7 and 8, in between elementary school and high school. >> 翻译
A visa that allows someone to leave and re-enter Canada more than once during a defined period of time.
National Occupation Classification (NOC)
The National Occupation Classification (NOC) is a list of all the occupations in the Canadian labor market. It describes each job according to skill type and skill level. The NOC is used to collect and organize job statistics and to provide labour market information. It is also used as a basis for certain immigration requirements. >> 翻译
Related term: Grant of citizenship
The formal process by which a person who is not a Canadian citizen can become a Canadian citizen. The person must usually become a permanent resident first. >> 翻译
Consistent and regularly scheduled paid employment throughout the year. It includes working schedules where pay does not stop during periods of non-work. It does not include work with periods of unemployment where the worker receives employment insurance throughout any part of the year. >> 翻译
Oath of citizenship
A declaration that a person will:
In order to become citizens, people aged 14 or over must take the oath. Reciting the oath is the final requirement for Canadian citizenship.
Open work permit
The actual paper version of a document, not a photocopy or an electronic copy. >> 翻译
A medical doctor appointed by IRCC to perform immigration medical examinations. >> 翻译
Related terms:Landed immigrantPR
A person who has legally immigrated to Canada but is not yet a Canadian citizen.
For a more detailed definition, see the legal definition of permanent resident.
Physical presence requirement (citizenship)
For applicants who apply on or after October 11, 2017, this is the amount of time a permanent resident must be physically present in Canada to be eligible for a grant of Canadian citizenship.
Applicants who apply under subsection 5(1) must be physically present in Canada for at least 1,095 days in the five years immediately before the date of application. This includes time as a:
These requirements do not apply to children under 18 years old who apply under subsection 5(2).
People who meet certain criteria are put into one or more pools of candidates. This is a group of people that we may invite to apply for:
See: Express Entry, International Experience Canada >>翻译
Port of entry
A place where a person may seek entry into Canada, such as at an airport, land or marine border crossing. >> 翻译
Related term: Higher education
A stage of higher education that comes after high school. Refers to a college, university or technical school offering programs of study. >> 翻译
When a family applies together, one member must be the main or “principal” applicant. For example, a mother applying for permanent residence with her three children would be the principal applicant. When parents are included in an application, dependent children cannot be principal applicants. >> 翻译
A person who has been determined to be a Convention refugee or person in similar circumstances by a Canadian visa officer outside Canada, a person whom the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada has determined to be a Convention refugee or in need of protection in Canada, or a person who has had a positive pre-removal risk assessment (in most cases). >> 翻译
See Refugee claimant.
A person who has applied for refugee protection status while in Canada and is waiting for a decision on his/her claim from the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada. >> 翻译
See Protected person.
Restoration of status (as a visitor, student or worker)
A visitor, worker or student who loses status can apply to restore it within 90 days. To be eligible, you must:
There is a fee to restore status. >> 翻译
An institution that provides an education to students who have completed elementary school. These schools usually include grades 9 through 12 (although, in some areas, they start with grade 7). In the province of Quebec, secondary grades are called grades 1 through 5.
Applicants for primary and secondary schools do not need a designated learning institution (DLI) number on their application form. >> 翻译
A visa that allows someone to enter Canada only once.
A Canadian citizen or permanent resident who is 18 years of age or older, and who legally supports a member of the Family Class to become a permanent resident of Canada. >> 翻译
A legal marriage partner. This term includes both opposite- and same-sex relationships but does not include common-law partnerships. >> 翻译
A foreign national who is in Canada legally for a short period. Temporary residents include students, foreign workers and visitors, such as tourists.
Temporary resident visa
An official counterfoil document issued by a visa office abroad that is placed in a person’s passport to show that he or she has met the requirements for admission to Canada as a temporary resident (a visitor, student or worker). A counterfoil is a specially designed sticker on which missions abroad print visa information.
Informally known as a visitor or tourist visa, the TRV may be issued for single or multiple entries to Canada.
A stage of higher education that comes after high school. Universities issue three types of degrees: bachelor’s, master’s and doctorate. People must usually complete high school to qualify for university. In Canada, “college” does not refer to a university.
In Quebec, students attend a CEGEP (college) between high school and university. >> 翻译
For a document—legal, not expired, and accepted by IRCC. >> 翻译
Valid job offer
A job offer, in writing, for Express Entry candidates. The offer must be >> 翻译
Visa offices can be located in Canadian embassies, high commissions and consulates. They process applications and provide information about immigrating to Canada.
The services they provide vary from office to office.
An officer who assesses and makes decisions on temporary and permanent residence applications submitted by foreign nationals. They can be Canadians sent to the visa office or nationals of the country the visa office is in. >> 翻译
Visiting and exchange students
Visiting student: Students at a foreign institution (home institution) who attend a post-secondary Canadian institution (host institution) for a determined period (not a full degree or program) with the intent of transferring the credits earned at the host institution back to their home institution. Visiting students pay fees to the host institution.
Exchange student: Similar to a visiting student as they attend a host institution in Canada. Exchange students do not pay tuition fees to their host institution as these fees are covered by an exchange agreement between the host and home institutions. >> 翻译
Informal term for a temporary resident visa.
A document issued by CIC that authorizes a person to work legally in Canada. It sets out conditions for the worker such as: